Carbon Emissions & Its Impact On Climate Change
S. Sreekanth1, I .V. Muralikrishna2
Civil Engineering Department, JBIET, Hyderabad, A. P, India
Consultant ASCI, Hyderabad, Former Director (R&D) JNTU Hyderabad
Over the last hundred years or so, the instrumental temperature record has shown a trend in climate of increased global mean temperature, i.e., global warming. The probability of warming having unforeseen consequences increases with the rate, magnitude, and duration of climate change.
Climate change is the long-term change in average weather conditions, including temperature, precipitation and wind. Climate change is already apparent as evidenced by higher temperatures, rising sea levels, increased ocean acidity and decreased snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere.
Temperature is the key factor which affects climate. In the 20th century earth surface temperature increment is around (0.6±0.2) °c due to most of anthropogenic activities as believed. Main effect of carbon increment in atmosphere is global warming, and greenhouse effect due to Radiative forcing which is the cause of other effects.
The effects, or impacts, of climate change may be physical, ecological, social or economic. The impacts of climate change across world population will not be distributed evenly. Some of the physical impacts of climate change are irreversible at continental and global scales. climate change would likely result in reduced diversity of ecosystems and the extinction of many species.
Some changes to our climate are inevitable given the historic build up of emissions in the atmosphere, but immediate action is needed to avert the worst of these impacts. Scientists have predicted some future data about climate change which is terrible. If this scenario continues then within some centuries most of the species might be eliminated from the atmosphere. Therefore, this effect cannot be minimized by regional efforts until and unless any global efforts.
International eJournal of Mathematics and Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 1II, Pages: 340 - 345