Housing And Sanitation Conditions In Tirupati City


Department of Geography and Environmental studies, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.




                Housing should be given high planning priority. Proper and adequate shelter is must for healthy life because it enhances the performance of the residents in their domestic and economic duties. The major objectives of this study is to describe the housing, bathroom and sanitation conditions in the sampled households. Data was collected through field survey.

Nearly 45 per cent of the medium income households live in their own houses. But their houses are small with few rooms. Whereas, 40.43 per cent of the very low and 49.39 per cent of the low income households are also living in their own houses. These houses are mostly unauthorized, illegal and constructed on open spaces or along the roads or railway lines. The development of these illegal houses resulted in the development of slums. Even in these slums the overcrowding was clearly seen during the field survey. About 37.60 per cent of the medium income households reported that they do not have access to bathroom and toilet facility while rest of them have either flush or manual latrines. Where as the lower income households do not have proper bathroom and toilet facility in their houses. They defecate along the roadside or in the open fields. There is a close relationship between the type of latrine facility and prevalence of childhood diarrhea.

     The study is based on primary sources of data, regarding Housing conditions, bathroom and sanitation facilities, household water supply, sullage and drainage of water, disposal of garbage and solid waste, household pests, contamination of food, indoor air and noise pollution.

Key terms: Sanitation, Contamination, Urban housing, bathroom. diarrhea.




International eJournal of Mathematical Sciences, Technology and Humanities

Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages:  353 - 358