Copper Deposition In Ingaldhal-Chitradurga – Karnataka Copper Mines


1D.P. Gupta and 2Arvind Dewangan
HCTM-TechnicalCampus, Haryana College of  Technology & Management KAITHAL, email:

2Civil EngineeringDepartment,  Haryana College of  Technology & Management, KAITHALl, India, email:




    The nature of mining process creates a potential unenthusiastic impact on the environment both during the mining operation and for years after the mine is closed. This impact has led to most of the world's nations adopt system to moderate the negative effects of mining operation. Safety has long been a concern as well, though modern practices have superior safety in mines considerably.  Copper [Cu] is a widely distributed and abundant element in combination and is also found in the native state.  Copper is a comparatively soft but extremely tough metal, very ductile and malleable when pure and next to silver the best conductor of electricity. Copper is obtained from its ore usually sulphide by an elaborate series of metallurgical operations, commonly consisting of roasting, to expel part of the combined sulphur, fusion in blast for the production of a concentrated double sulphide copper and iron called “matte”. In Ingaldhal (14’11’ : 76’27’) area of Chitradurga schiest belt, ancient working of Cu were noticed by “R.Bruce Foote” in 1886 on Belliguda hill.Not all metal deposits have igneous origins- sedimentary deposits can also be a valuable source of many metals, including copper.  While sedimentary copper deposits share the feature of a sedimentary origin, there are many different types of sedimentary copper deposits, each with distinct characteristics. Sedimentary deposits are generally stratiform- meaning their morphology is controlled by stratigraphy of their host rocks. Sedimentary deposits are generally tabular, sheet-like or flat lenticular form. They are horizontal if not disturbed, but are frequently folded and faulted. Beds containing metallic ore are generally less than 20 ft. thick.

Key Words : 1.Metallic Ore 2. Cu-Copper 3.Genetic Type 4. Deposit 5.Copper Sulphide 6.Rocks 7. mining.

Sub Area: Mining Engineering.

Broad Area: Engineering Geology.





International eJournal of Mathematical Sciences, Technology and Humanities

Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages:  313 - 317