Need Based Innovative Counseling Strategies to Cope With Stress in Adolescents
The rapid changing scenario of technological development, modernization, media exposure, and lack of traditional family support system has created a gap for fulfilling the physical, psychosocial and emotional needs of the growing child, stressing the need for an alternative support system. The Counseling in schools is definitely the bridge that might fill this gap. Adolescence is a. stressful and turbulent developmental period filled with major changes in physical maturity and sexuality, cognitive processes, emotional feelings, and relationships with others. Hence the study is aimed at assessing the prevalence of stress, and coping styles among urban and rural adolescents. Academic stress and coping styles in both genders of urban and rural adolescents were studied in the age range of 13-18 years. The menstrual stress and stress causing factors among the girls of urban and rural schools was also focused. The present study also provides a comprehensive overview of innovative counseling strategies adopted as per the need of an individual and the groups concerned. The result of present study reveals that in both environmental settings male reported little more stress than their female counterparts. However, to utilize coping strategies female adolescents were slightly better than male adolescents. Coping is also an important mediator of experience that shapes personality development and influences adaptability and resilience in difficult situation. The interventions revealed that adolescent developmental related stress factors have reduced considerably signifying the effect of need based counseling given. “Prevention is better than cure” regular group counseling creating awareness on general problems also minimized the stress in adolescents. It is also found that social support is one of the most important resources for coping with stress in adolescents hence it was tapped.
Key words— Adolescents; Stress; Coping; need based intervention; area under study.
InternationaleJournal of Mathematical Sciences, Technology and Humanities
Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages: 37 - 49