InternationaleJournals

Performance and Emission Characteristics of a LHR CI Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel Derived from Waste Mustard Oil

1P.A.M.k.Srinivas*, 2G L Narayana, 3Shaik Mohammad Younus

1M.Tech. Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, K.L.University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur Dt., Andhra Pradesh, INDIA, Email: patibanda.kalyan2@gmail.com

2Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, K.L.University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur Dt., Andhra Pradesh, INDIA, Email: glnarayana@kluniversity.in

3M.Tech. Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, K.L.University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur Dt., Andhra Pradesh, INDIA, Email: younis349@gmail.com

Abstract

Decline in fossil fuel resources along with high crude oil prices generated attention towards the development of fuel from alternate sources. Such fuel should be economically attractive and performance competent in order to replace the fossil fuel. Biodiesel offer a very promising alternative to diesel oil since they are renewable and have similar properties. Throughout the world, there is an enormous amount of waste lipids generated from restaurants and food shops posing a challenge for their storage and proper disposal in the environment. Reuse of these oils not only helps in its management but also lowers the production cost of biodiesel. Bio-waste cooking oils thus opened a good opportunity to study its suitability to produce biodiesel. Then, problem gets generated from viscosity of these bio-waste cooking oils. Transesterification process was used to lower the viscosity of the waste oil. In this paper, Biodiesel from waste mustard oil will be prepared. An experimental investigation will be carried out to evaluate the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with waste mustard biodiesel oil. The performance parameters analyzed include brake power; brake thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption, and exhaust gas temperature whereas exhaust emissions include oxides of nitrogen, HC and CO.  This research investigates the scope of utilizing waste mustard oils as an alternative diesel fuel.  The objective of this project is to explore technical feasibility of waste mustard oil in direct injection low heat rejection compressed ignition engine without any substantial hardware modifications.

Keywords: Waste Mustard Oil, Biodiesel, Transesterification, Thermal barrier coating, LHR engine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

International eJournal of Mathematical Sciences, Technology and Humanities

Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages:  1 - 14